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 If this is what we mean by 'health', what do we mean by 'discase"? The word is actually self-explanatory - we can think of it as disease -disturbed ease. Disease, in other words, literally means being uncomfortable. However, the word is used in a more limited meaning. We talk of disease when we can find a specific and particular cause for discomfort This does not mean that we have to knowthe absolute final cause; we can say that someone is suffering from diarrhoea without knowing exactly what has caused the loose motions.

 We can now easily see that it is possible to be in poor health without actually suffering from a particular disease. Simply not being diseasedis not the same as being healthy Good health' for a dancer may mean being able to stretch his body into difficult but graceful positions. On the other hand. good health for a musician may mean having enouglh breathing capacity in his/her lungs to controlthe notes from his/her flute. To have the opportunity to realise the unique potential in all of us is also necessary for real health.

So, we can be in poor health without there being a simple cause in the form of an identifiable disease. This is the reason why, when we think about health, we think about societies and communities. On the other hand, when we think about disease, we think about individual sufferers.

Disease and Its Causes 


Let us now think a little more about discases. In the first place, how do we know that there is a disease?In other words, how do we know that there is something wrong with the body?There are many tissues in the body.
These tissues make up physiological systems or organ systems that carry out body functions.

Each of the organ systems has specific organs as its parts and it has particular functions.
So, the digestive system has the stomach and intestines, and it helps to digest food takern in from outside the body.
The musculoskeletal system, which is made up of bones and muscles, holds the body parts together and helps the body move.

When there is a disease, either the functioning or the appearance of one or more systems of the body will change for the worse These changes give rise to symptoms and signs of disease.
Symptoms of disease are the things we feel as being wrong.
So we have a headache, we have cough, we have loose motions, we have a wound with pus: these are all symptoms.
These indicate that there may be a disease, but they don't indicate what the disease is. For example, a headache may mean just examination stress or, very rarely it may mean meningitis, or any one of a dozen different diseases.

Signs of disease are what physicians will look for on the basis of the symptoms. Signs will give a little more definite indication of the presence of a particular disease. Physicians will also get laboratory tests done to pinpoint the disease further.


   We have heard the word health' used quite trequently all around us. We use ourselves as well, when we say things like 'my grandmother's health is not good' Our teachers use it when they scold us saying 'this is not a healthy attitude. What does the word bealth' mean?

    If we think about it, we realise that n always implies the idea of being well'. We can think of this well-being as effective functioning. For our grandmothers, being able to go out to the market to visit neighbours is being well. and not being able to do such things is poor health. Being interested in following the teaching in the classroom so that we can understand the world is called a healthy attitude: while not being interested Is called the opposite.

Health' is therefore on-state of being well enough to funetion weu physically, mentally and socially.


   If health means a state of physical, mental and social well-being. cannot be something our own. The health of all organisms will depend on their surroundings or their environment. The environment includes the physical environment. So, for example, health that each one of us can achieve entirely on is at risk in a cyclone in many ways.

   But even more importantly. human beings live in societies. Our social environment. therefore. is an important factor in our Individual health. We live in villages, towns or cities. In such places, even our physical environment is decided by our social environment.

   Consider what would happen if no agency is ensuring that garbage is collected and disposed. What would happen if no one takes responsibility for clearing the drains and ensuring that water does not collect in the streets or open spaces?

   So. if there is a great deal of garbage thrown in our streets, or if there is open drain- water lying stagnant around where we live, the possibility of poor health increases, Therefore. public cleanliness is important for Individual health.

    We need food for health, and this food will have to be earned by doing work. For this. the epportunity to do work has to be avilable. Good economic conditions and jobs are therefore needed for individual health.

    We need to be happy in order to be truly healthy. and if we mistreat each other and are afraid of each other, we cannot be happy or healthy. Social equality and harmony are therefore necessary for individual health. We can think of many other such examples of connections between community issues and individual health.

Health Health Reviewed by All health help on January 06, 2019 Rating: 5

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